Legislation and regulation

In the U.S., a range of legislation and regulation at the federal and state levels governs miner safety, coal mine reclamation, coal plant siting, thermal pollution from coal plant cooling, coal combustion emissions, and disposal of coal waste.

In addition, coal continues to be subsidized by federal, state, and local authorities, as well as by international lending institutions. Other programs that provide economic support for coal include federal and state tax breaks, the Rural Utilities Service loan guarantee program, research on new combustion technologies by the Department of Energy, and the Department of the Interior’s  coal leasing program.