As in the United States, coal’s share in the production of electricity is declining in Europe. In 2012, coal’s share of generation in Europe was 25.7 percent, down from 39.4 percent two decades earlier. Of the 120 coal fired power plants proposed in Europe in 2007, none have been brought to the construction stage.

Europe’s shift away from coal has been led by Germany, where renewables are on track to produce 33 percent of the country’s electricity by 2020. Germany’s feed-in tariff has been a major factor in the shift and has become a model for policy elsewhere.